The Narrow Difference Between Rejuvenating or Not: Telomeres
I am very excited to learn new things about who we are and what our potential is. I want to share with you this recent discovery that is of great importance in terms of health and staying young.
Our story begins with fishing for a lobster off the coast of Canada in 2008. This particular lobster weighed over 9 kilos, but the important thing is not that it will need a diet, but the experts determined her age of at least 140 years. People became fond of her and called her George and was released in 2009. The studies that have been done on lobsters show that they keep their youth for a very long period compared to us. They speak of immortal lobsters.
What is the difference? In their discoveries, the scientists relate it to the telomeres (Greek: final part).
These telomeres are the caps at the end of each strand of DNA that protect our chromosomes like the plastic tips at the end of shoelaces. Without the coating they become frayed until they no longer do the job. To be more precise, the telomeres protect the chromosomes from the deterioration when the cells divide, and protect the vital information in our DNA.
The longer it is a telomer, the younger is a cell. In older cells, they have decreased in size.
In humans, when the cells divide, the telomeres are shortened, and the older the cell, the shorter its telomeres. Hence the correlation they have found between old age and telomeres.
On the other hand, in lobsters, when they reproduce their cells, the telomeres rejuvenate constantly, thanks to an enzyme called telomerase. It has already been proven that this enzyme can prolong life and youth.
When DNA is being copied (the cells are reproducing), the double helix of the DNA unfolds and the protein is displaced. In the path of that protein, a new DNA is created. To get a better view of this, that protein is like a train on a track and as it progresses, it is duplicating that DNA. The problem is that when the train reaches the end of the road, it can no longer copy the part in which it is stopped. Therefore, the copy is shorter than the original. The next time the copy is made, it will be even shorter than the previous one. Each time the DNA is copied, a part is lost. To compensate for this, nature further extends the pathway through the telomeres to be able to duplicate. But if it duplicates several times, there comes a time when the telomer ends and then a part of the gene is cut off. And that is where disease and aging begin to manifest.
The question then is: Can be reversed the wear of the telomeres or avoided its wear so fast?
The human also produces that enzyme telomerase, however, in much smaller quantities than lobsters. The exception is with cancer cells, which are the ones that produce more of this enzyme and therefore become almost immortal. Increasing these enzymes indiscriminately in our body could also represent a danger. Be careful with the frauds, scams and chemical pills that will be coming on the market. Do not forget that there are also cells that are eliminated naturally, because it is not convenient to have them in the body. It is not a matter of putting telomerase like crazy in the body because the damages can be substantial.
There is a better option: The power of the mind over the body.
Molecular biologist Elizabeth Blackburn, winner of the Nobel Prize and is a part of the team that discovered and studied telomeres, says the following:
“The telomeres are listening to your thoughts.” Studies have shown that the approximately 65,000 thoughts we have daily directly influence the body, and affect telomeres. The reduction of their size is affected by pessimism, negativity, hostility and any type of emotion and negative thinking that stresses the body. Therefore, let us be aware of our attitude.
Will the lobsters be happier than us?
They have discovered that the enzyme telomerase is activated in the human in the presence of thoughts of gratitude, love for oneself and a purpose. This means that the more we love each other, we appreciate life and follow a purpose, we stay healthier and younger. This harmony extends our lives and youth. It could also be why, when people retire and do not have a purpose, they age faster.
Is not this fantastic?
Let us be happy as lobsters.