National Anthems without lyrics at all

National Anthems without lyrics at all

National anthems represent an identity, a character; Is the belonging, the intimacy and the exhibition of a nation in front of the world.

We can find them focused on various styles, tones and themes.

While some talk about hope, others do it in a warlike manner, of brotherhood, joy, welcome, simple presence and in general, they all converge in a common subject which is an allegory to freedom.

The national anthems are songs, emblems to the fact of existing, of being alive.

I am not a musician but I know that metrics, harmony, arrangements and of course the lyrics create an environment that can provide pleasure to several of our senses.

The anthems can be very subjective when it comes to appreciating them, in particular I agree that the Marseillaise is one of the most beautiful.

Also recognized among the most beautiful are the Russian, the Mexican, the Japanese, the Nepalese, the Brazilian, the Chinese, the Hindu, the German among others…

Perhaps there is a “top ten” of the most beautiful anthems. You know that humans quantify everything, But in this case it would be very absurd to have such a list, because we would never be able to satisfy everyone.

What is likely, is to make an estimate of the most heard anthems, but that is another story.

But what about anthems that have no lyrics?

What is their story?

The Spanish anthem, for example is famous for its lack of words.

A message expressing something about the country, about its people, customs, or its national philosophy is missing.

However, it has a name.

“The Grenadier March ” was its first name, later it evolved to be “The Royal March “, which incidentally has a sound somewhat military.

Composed in 1770, it is one of the oldest in Europe, and it was King Charles III who declared it the official “March of Honor” that prevails till today.

More curious yet is that its author is unknown.

It is speculated that it was Manuel Espinoza of the Monteros who created it, but there is no official document that can witness this fact.

There is no shortage of proposals to write some lyrics.

Even Plácido Domingo has offered to sing it if some lyrics were written. The wait continues for the longing verses that will dress this march.

As far as I know, there are three other anthems that do not have lyrics either: the ones from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo and San Marino.

I leave some links with anthems that are worth listening for several reasons. One of them being to learn a little more about the human being and his needs for to connect to this world.

National Anthems without lyrics at all

The majestic Folies Bergère’s theater

The majestic Folies Bergère’s theater

When you walk through Paris life changes. It is a place that takes your breath away and leaves you mystified.

Its streets and boulevards are majestic and it is a city that has an overpowering and charming character like no other.

Every place has its own history and is full of life.

Leaving aside so many themes that are worthy of Paris, I will focus on a particular theme, since visiting the Folies Bergère is an experience worth living.

The City of Light is more enriched by these kinds of entertainment venues.

The Folies Bergère or the Moulin Rouge are both a guide mark to have fun and spend an unparalleled moment.

Personally, I have really enjoyed the presentations of the first one.

One can be delighted with the staging of an opera, a musical comedy, a play, or a presentation like no other.

As an example, I will say that Charles Chaplin, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Stan Laurel and even Mata Hari among many others performed in the same stage.

In mentioning those luminaries I cannot fail to mention the actress, singer and dancer Joséphine Baker “The Bronze Venus”. Dressed in her small Banana Skirt.

An intriguing fact about her, is that she was honored to receive the Cross of War for the aid she gave to the French army during WW2.

It is so fascinating visiting the Folies Bergère. There are artists who have dedicated some of their work to honor this place.

One of them was Guy de Maupassant, French writer who mentions it in one of his novels.

Another, Eduard Manet who painted an extraordinary and magnificent painting in 1881 called “A bar of the Folies Bergère” where you can see a woman in front of a mirror.

I emphasize in the mirror as experts in the subject, noticed that the reflection in the mirror is impossible because it does not match the view that should have the man with a top hat and mustache that is located at the far right of the picture. The error could be explained in two ways: The man should not be present in the picture or the reflection of the woman in the mirror should not have existed.

I leave an image of the painting to illustrate the point.

But let’s continue with the Folies Bergère.

It opened its doors on May 2, 1869 under the name Folies Trèvise.

Had to change its name because the Duke of Trèvise complained that his family name was associated with a cabaret.

It was modified to Folies Bergère that has nothing to do with an “important” person and was simply named thus using the name of a street nearby the theater.

Bergère means “shepherdess” and that does not bother anyone.

Its first facade was typical of the streets of Paris, it was not ugly, but in the 1930s it changed the exterior to an Art Deco style that further adorned the building.

What better than to leave you a couple of videos with some history of this great place and encourage you to visit this historical site full of fun.


The majestic Folies Bergère’s theater

(VR) Virtual Reality

(VR) Virtual Reality

Mankind Virtually Real.

It is already here and each time we step forward in leaps and bounds in the delicate and dangerous but at the same time fascinating world of Virtual Reality.

About the VR I will only say that for those who are not familiar with it, that it consists of putting on a helmet or special glasses that isolate us from this world as we know it.

For greater safety and to enhance the experience different devices are used, for example a frame containing a harness that holds us from the waist down with a treadmill type endless band, whose function is to keep us stable when we are using the lower limbs, while we are disassociated from real life.

Your life changes when you connect, wherever you turn there is this alternate world. The only way out of it is not to forget the “on and off” switch.

Now, everything that happens in that environment is supposed to be fiction, is it not?

The scopes are incredible, they are dichotomous, from moral to amoral, from the logical to the illogical, it touches the fantastic, the scientific, the recreational, the sordid, the excessive, the chaotic.

It is an experience without precedent. In short, it is the describable and the indescribable.

The VR is imposing, it generates doubts, expectations, but in short, it is somewhat frightening to think about what would a society immersed in an alien and independent reality become.

Even though there are virtual encounters between human beings through this vehicle.

Total simulators.

I want to briefly give you my point of view.

In the scientific area we can already appreciate its large scale use in thousands of applications.

For example to travel outside this blue planet without the implied risk involved. In aeronautics different companies and institutions make use of this technology for takeoffs, maneuvers, landings, etc. and its use has become indispensable.

In medicine, open heart surgery, dissections, lobotomies already occur and are practiced and experienced from a simulator in a separate world.

The same is true in many areas such as the weapon industry or the sports field, where training and strategies are based on VR procedures.

I could go on and on, but I leave you with a personal thought:

Normal people will have access to the VR watching the news. For example, they will be transported where the action takes place.

They will witness all kinds of situations, from attending the Olympic Games, or the onsite roughness of war, of course without dying or sustaining wounds from a weapon.

We will enter the fantastic world of video games where we will go hand in hand with Mario Bros or will be a medieval princess’ hero or sorrowfully we will be a hit man, a rapist, or a pimp.

There in those underworlds, in those spaces where everything that will happen, will be a “reality”.

Movies will become a live experience.

Our social relationships might be encounters in fictitious scenarios but in real time. Courses, “attendance” to school, everything and more will give us the “opportunity” to be part of an alternate world without leaving home.

As long as we put on the helmet, everything will be possible.

I hope I’m exaggerating but it does not seem like an unthinkable scenario to me.

A future that virtually will be virtual.

(VR) Virtual Reality

Fortress between two rivers: Besalú

Fortress between two rivers: Besalú

I have already commented that the greatness of human beings seems to have no limit, discover, create, construct, and paradoxically destroy all of the above.

Apparently that is the true mission of this disturbing race to which we belong, but as long as there is evidence that we are fabulous, will have to value and highlight it.

This is the case of Besalú.

A castle like the one that appears in the stories of the charming prince, like the one that has been conformed and has been protagonist in the books of the most fantastic adventures or battles, and even being part of the atmosphere on the cinema or television screens.

It is located near the border with France, in the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. It’s a mediaeval town in the comarca of the Garrotxa, in Gerona, Spain.

Fortunately, Besalú was designated as a “Historical National Property” in 1966.

I would declare it World Heritage Site, not every day is built something so majestic.

With an architecture that represents the medieval era dates from the X century, is perched and crowns an imposing hill “The Cornador”.

Definitely over time many things have changed especially in its layout, but the town still retains the existence of the wealth of its buildings and constructions, such as the extraordinary bridge where you can still enter when going to visit, which features a gateway at its midpoint.

On the other hand are the ritual Jewish baths (mikveh) dating from the eleventh or twelfth century (we know that Jews have a long history in these latitudes), the typical church of the Benedictine monastery of Sant Pedro Besalú and San Julián, the ancient House Cornellá and the church of Sant Viçens and the imposing Gothic room of the Palace of the Royal Curia.

The rural landscape is charming as a whole and part of the mysticism lies in that it is crossed by two beautiful rivers: the Riera Capellada and the Fluviá.

Today is an important tourist site and full of life. If someone gets to go remember to eat the breads made in the ovens of long ago that are a delight if they have just been taken out.

I leave a link with a video that portrays quite well and reliably what this place is.

Let us enjoy what this world has to offer!

Fortress between two rivers: Besalú

Well done: Scientists against Purists

Well done: Scientists against Purists

Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) examining the nature of light with the aid of a prism

In 1667 the formidable and restless Isaac Newton put his two prisms in different positions.

The room for the experiment was in almost total darkness, it had only a small hole through which sunlight would enter.

The sunbeam did its work, passed through one of the two crystalline objects.

The Astro King had revealed the magic of the rainbow by breaking up the light in the spectrum of colors.

With the second prism he proved that when the white light breaks down the colors were generated, the iconic celestial symbol lost some of its mythical charm.

Incidentally, Newton only promoted 7 colors out of the total. It is curious, sometimes I think that since he was a scientist that had a degree of mysticism and the mind of an alchemist, he chose that number because it’s “special.”

So far so good but … Almost a century later the extraordinary romantic poet John Keats cursed as often as he could this scientific experiment.

His poem Lamia of 1820 reads as follows:

“There was an awful rainbow once in heaven:
We know her woof, her texture; she is given
In the dull catalogue of common things.
Philosophy will clip an Angel’s wings,
Conquer all mysteries by rule and line,
Empty the haunted air, and gnomed mine –
Unweave a rainbow, as it erewhile made…”

Here we have two great thinkers and two postures.

I will try to relate this two points of views through what I consider to be a good example.

First we have Johannes Vermeer van Delft.

One of the greatest painters of all time.

His mastery of light was unparalleled, almost magical.

Each of his magnificent works consisted of a beautiful and exquisite composition and his painting technique allowed him to create a photographic representation on each canvas never achieved before.

However it is speculated that to achieve these tonalities and the perfection of each painting, he used as working tool optic lenses to make each painting.

In the documentary of “Tim’s Vermeer” (very interesting and inspiring regardless of topic), the billionaire and genius Tim Jenison addresses the issue of how Vermeer’s paintings were supposed to be created.

It took him four years of his life to perfectly recreate Vermeer’s painting “The Music Lesson”.

With this experiment he was able to prove that Vermeer was not only a wonderful artist but also a sensational scientist and that he possibly combined both concepts.

Richard Feynman won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1965.

It is said that he had a poet friend (not as great as Keats of course,) and during a talk with him the controversy around science and its philosophy to unravel the mysteries of life arose .

The writer reproached the physicist that, “while artists admire beauty in a flower, scientists dissect it into a lifeless object.”

Feynman closed the conversation with an excellent reflection:

“The knowledge of science only enlarges the interest, the mystery, the wonder and the beauty that produces a flower”,

In short, knowing a flower in the background of its totality does not prevent the appreciation of its beauty, just as learning acoustics does not diminish the appreciation of my beloved “The Four Seasons” by Vivaldi.

Many experiments or scientific positions are like works of art and in many of them the wonder of the expression and fineness of human thought can be valued.

It is like talking about Einstein’s Time and Space concept or seeing the incredible images that Hubble sends us, both works take our breath away one way or another.

What is relevant is something that Einstein himself recognized in other terms but I will use my own word to express it: what makes the difference between science and the purism of life is that it is not absolutely necessary the existence of someone like Bohr, Mendel, or Newton to decipher life or the universe, eventually someone would accomplish it, but nothing ever will compare to a of Tchaikovsky´s composition for example, or appreciating Rembrandt’s “The Night Watch” or be speechless when contemplating Roman or Venetian art.

Long live life, purism and science!

Well done: Scientists against Purists


The book: 1.5 million dollar edition

The book: 1.5 million dollar edition


Today I decided to write about a masterpiece of literature.

It is about The ingenious nobleman Don Quixote of La Mancha that is mostly known only as the Quixote of La Mancha.

It is a universal icon and is recognized as the best literary work in history and it has also been said that it is the book that marks the “before” and “after” literature in Spanish because before this magnificent work, the books were written in a Spanish that was too cultured and difficult to digest (see the work of Lope De Vega for example), instead, The ingenious nobleman Don Quixote of La Mancha was created in a Spanish that everyone could read and fully understand each page.

Even though it contains almost 23,000 different words, perfectly used.

In fact thanks to it, the Cervantinism was developed and exists. It is the current that was created in order to enhance the value and appreciation of the work of Cervantes.

It is one of the best selling books in history, it is estimated that around 500 million copies have been sold and it has been translated into 50 languages.

There are few books that have sold that many copies.

Some of those are The Odyssey, The Iliad, Romeo and Juliet, The Divine Comedy among other classics in literature.

Nevertheless I have to mention that the book who’s sales surpass all the previously mentioned is the red Book of Mao.

The reading of this book was mandatory, for political and philosophical divulgation reasons and other obligations that had nothing to do with (the pleasure of reading).

The Quixote, supposedly has sold more than six billion copies throughout the history.

Due to its high sales we can assume therefore that the book of Cervantes is also one of the most read in history alongside others like the Bible, the Koran, the mentioned book Red of Mao and one of my favorites that is also a Masterpiece, The Little Prince.

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra was a tax collector and due to errors while performing his job, he was imprisoned and because life is sometimes strange, it was during this period of his life that he wrote this book.

He was completing each chapter full of life and freedom behind bars.

Equally his time spent in prison allowed for him to write two more books. Ironically, he knew how to make the most of his “free time”.

I must highlight that Cervantes was also known as “Lepanto’s Manco (one armed man)” for having lost his left hand on the battlefield defending Catholic Spain, which did not count for much because they still got him arrested.

About the book itself there are several curiosities, one of them that always struck me is that throughout history Sancho Panza has been known as an overweight character.

Cervantes never describes him as obese, he just mentions something like he was a character with a desire to eat but it was Gustave Doré that represented him as overweight in his illustrated engraves.

Now, the title of this article mentions the figure of a million and a half dollars and I will explain what this is about.

It was in 1605 that this book was published for the first time.

Of that first batch, two very well preserved books survive today.

In 1989 one of these copies was sold for $ 1,500 million dollars.

Also the second part of the story that was called The ingenious knight Quixote of La Mancha in its original volume, was sold in 1991, for more than 10 million pesetas (little more than $ 103,000 dollars of the time).

The trouble with this whole affair is that Cervantes died and never received any benefit or great recognition for having written such literary prowess.

The book: 1.5 million dollar edition


Pedro Fort: The unexpected Starfish Prime

pedro fort strafish prime

Pedro Fort: The unexpected Starfish Prime

pedro fort

With everything happening worldwide, this Sunday I feel the need to talk a little about what was the Starfish Prime.

I am referring to the misadventure (not amusing at all), of the experimental nuclear test at high altitude that is little known and widespread, but of great importance to exceed the limits of knowledge of fission and its military uses.

The stage was set. A remote island in the Pacific “uninhabited” at least by humans, the United States with “rights” over that land.

Americans are in full competition against the Soviets to develop the best weapons, the exploration of technologies and state-of-the-art resources and as always, the human eagerness to make known the unknown, preferably to generate the biggest devastation possible to be able to subdue his fellow men.

How pathetic is this to me when I see the greatness that we have as a species, when there is so much creation and expression in art, wonderful inventions and unparalleled talent, and on the other hand, the degrees of abjection that exist to try to destroy everything fabulous we have conceived!

Continuing with the main subject, Starfish Prime was the secret code of the name to carry out a nuclear detonation at high-altitude.

Let me clarify that since 1958 four high-altitude tests were carried out using missiles with nuclear warheads.

What did they expect?

They did not know what would happen?

Was there not a certitude of the result as consequence of the effects for those tests?

It was trial and error experiment and its consequences would become reality and give the answers only after the detonations.

It was 9:00:09 AM Honolulu time on July 9 1962 and it was at that moment at 400 kilometers of altitude that occurred the lethal detonation of the Starfish Prime project.

It was a Thor-type missile launched in the Pacific, specifically from Johnston Island 1445 kilometers from Hawaii.

In the night sky, a ball of white light soon became green, a product of nuclear radiation scattering.

Although the detonation lasted about 16 minutes (according to a simulation made in 2006), for 90 minutes long arms of white light were seen coming out, fired in all directions. In the final stretch of this exhibition, only one red line remained in the sky.

I cannot even imagine that show worthy of a passage from Dante’s Divine Comedy.

At that moment there was an unexpected effect of unprecedented electromagnetic pulses.

It was an explosion that went completely out of control as it exceeded the expectations of all involved.

Not even exact measurements could be obtained because some instruments became unstable and others just stopped working.

The whole result was so intense that the blast was perceived as colossal even from Hawaii.

In that moment it ceased to be something secret.

The glow made it clear that something extraordinary had happened.

Collateral damage occurred within a few minutes in the same Hawaii; the telephone lines were fulminated, a great part of the system of street lighting felt the effects and a blackout occurred.

The alarm systems of the city stopped working.

The Royal New Zealander Air Force, which was in the vicinity doing anti-submarine maneuvers, had to be assisted from the ground for its return.

A Soviet ship that was in those latitudes registered the event for the knowledge of their leaders.

Of course that was not the worst, all the radiation left wreaked havoc on the atmosphere.

Over several days after the bright flash, strange and bright auroras appeared, the particles took at least 5 years to dissipate, and the nuclear contamination that fell to the ocean contaminating the waters did not stop and measurements or data could not be collected to obtain an approximate damage.

It is only assumed that a belt of particles was trapped in the atmosphere without knowing if it disappeared completely.

All this happened in 1962.

I believe that even now, there is no sufficient imagination for us ordinary mortals to realize the real scope of this experiment today.

What has been built since then that we do not know about?

Or how does this knowledge been applied?

I hope if they use it in a war, we never get to find out.

In the meantime, I only wish that after the weekend follows a Monday again.

Pedro Fort: The Pink Panther 7.0 liters

Pedro Fort: The Pink Panther 7.0 liters

September 6, 1969, originates the first episode of this phenomenal pink character that I had so much fun with when I was little: “The Pink Panther.”

Derived from the animation made by Isadore “Friz” Freleng and his good friend David Hudson DePatie, for the film of the director Blake Edwards whose name was just that, “The Pink Panther”.

Acquired his own character and personality thanks to his psychedelic concept, carefree and witty addition to his adventures full of a display of creativity and good humor, since the adventures included other sensational characters.

Achieving a success to the degree of being considered as one of the largest series of cartoons in history.

Of course we must add other incredible talents such as Henry Mancini who was the composer of the music, which was the iconographic rubric of the Panther.

We all know it and that is why I will get to the subject that brings me here Sunday night in front of my computer.

I want to share with you some information about the extreme “Panthermobile”, the car that is seen at the start of presentation, and that is driven by a kid. It may sound very childish but it is not.

Above all, if half a million dollars sounds like a kid thing.

Its creator is a brilliant being called Jay Ohrberg who also invented other Hollywood automotive icons such as the Batmobile of Batman Returns, the DeLorean of Back to the Future, the General Lee of the Dukes of Hazzard, the Grand Torino of Starsky and Hutch, the police car of Robocop, the Flintmobile and some more of the Flintstones, among others.

Based on an Oldsmobile Toronado with an 8-cylinder engine and 7.0 liters curvy 7 meter-long model, it is not as tight as it looks because its engine does not work nor is it allowed to run.

With those sensational seagull wing doors, it’s a museum piece, and a very expensive one as it has been auctioned on a couple of occasions.

The first time it was auctioned for $ 120,000 and the second in 2011 for a whopping amount of no less than $570,000 green bucks!

This reaffirms two things, the first: that the business opportunity is everywhere, that everything has its price, its time and its form: and the second: that healthy fun, with high degree of imagination and humor is priceless.

By the way, I did not like the boy who drove the car, first because he was the driver of the Panther, but the worst is because at the end he forgets and leaves her in the theater, so the pink character has to run after the car at the end of the presentation.

Notre Dame de Paris

Passion with Notre Dame de Paris

Paris is well worth a Mass, Henry IV said.

I would say that Paris is worth much more than that!

The first time I visited Paris, it was during my honeymoon trip.

At that time, I thought it would be the only time I would have a chance to visit the capital of France.

During this trip I lived an experience, which according to my memories was quite mystical.

I was in front of the Cathedral of Our Lady of Paris with my wife, when an elderly man, very mysterious, approached us.

He spoke to us in Spanish, with a strong French accent, and as if sharing the greatest secret, advised us to enter Our Lady of Paris.

Looking me in the eye, with a sparkling look, he told me that if I entered the cathedral at that time, it would not be the last time I would see Paris, but on the contrary, I would return many times to visit this city.

And disappeared.

I followed his advice, intrigued, but not really believing.

I was struck by the beauty and the special atmosphere that reigns inside.

I could understand why, according to what is said, many people converted to Catholicism when visiting the cathedral.

But above all, this gentleman was right, since then I have often returned to Paris, whether on vacation or to do business.

And what to say of “Notre Dame” that captivates all its visitors, which inspires great writers like Victor Hugo to write a wonderful novel.

In the past, the sick who went to “Notre Dame” to implore God to heal them, stayed there, in one of the small chapels, until their complete remission.

Our Lady of Paris, according to the believers, has three relics of the passion of Christ.

The crown of thorns, a piece of the cross on which he was crucified and one of the nails used to hold up his body to the cross.

Also the fact that the school of Gothic architecture, was born almost overnight, very different from the other Roman school, which was its contemporary, is still a question mark.

If to that, we add all the legends about the alchemical formulas that are engraved in the walls.

In addition, recent studies done through laser scans show that the center of the cathedral is imperfect in its construction and that this is not due to a mistake, but was purposely done to give it more aesthetic, which demonstrates even more the mastery of its architectonic.

Contradictorily, it makes of “Notre Dame” a perfect enigmatic jewel!!!

My countryman Gaudí.

My countryman Gaudí.

The great Barcelona, ​​beautiful, prosperous, city dedicated to human creativity, iconic and inspiring.

A lot of that thanks to the genius of Gaudí.

Let’s do an exercise:

I suggest this experiment only to realize the dimensions of the genius of this great architect.

Imagine that we enter a large room. It gives the impression of being a laboratory of strange sculptures.

In the middle there is one that stands out and gets all the attention.

It is an unequaled model that gives the impression of being an organic skeleton, with a structural base that refers us to an urban construction because a door is distinguished.

The rest of this sculpture is based on strings, from each extremity hang small sacks with a certain weight (he called them funicules) that are used as counterweights, so each string creates a curvature, and there are many, and each one expresses harmony.

We can see how an exquisite visual set is created, with scattered and capriciously zigzagging anchors.

Here and there mirrors can be seen.

He uses them for the design, and so this set becomes an artistic expression rather than an architectural model.

There it is Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, better known simply as Gaudí.

Silence, genius at work.

Here he constructs visions, concepts, creations come from a different mind.

We know that in this workshop hysterical edges and straight lines that do not exist in nature are forbidden.

The day ends, Gaudí with his unconcerned physique of any fashion, takes his things, closes his workshop that curiously is located where today stands the Sacred Family.

It is an open ground that in the future will become the heart of Barcelona.

He is on his way to his rented house, a geometric house and designed with all the technique that causes him so much mental noise.

Once asleep, his mind leads him to live in his own house.

One built by himself.

He can see and touch its dimensions, enjoy its rhythms and its dynamics.

Gaudí dreams because real life is strange and that, the dream, will never happen.

Innovative and visionary architect, he achieved masterpieces that are unique in their type and conception.

Gaudí is the type of person who changes the world and its stereotypes only by moving himself away from the axis of the established.

He knew that he could not see the Sacred Family finished.

He calculated that it would take more than a hundred years to finish.

As the project was too ambitious.

Yet he always had it in mind and while he lived he added several personal touches to it, such as the facade called “The Passion “, where his magic square is, four by four squares, with numbers in each, the sum of the numbers in any direction equal 33, the age of Christ before dying.

A little known fact is that for more than fifteen years, there is a process of beatification for this great personage.

This is due to the fact that some miracleshave been attributed to him, in addition of being recognized as an accomplished devotee.

It is time for me to dream, but since I know the work of Gaudí I feel very identified and inspired by him, because my way of thinking lies in trying to get out of the established and create new models, different schemes.

For this reason and some others Gaudi and I we speak the same language.